Here is the video version, if you prefer it:
You can read user input in shell scripts. (Ward, 2014)
Here is an example of a script which reads user input:
echo "My name is $name"
Notice how I used the double quotes to make the shell expand my variable. My variable, by the way, is called
read name prompts the user for input and when the user inputs the information (and presses Enter), that input is stored in the variable named
Here is how it works:
My name is Mislav
As you already know, you can read user input through arguments that you pass to your shell script. I don’t know which way is the better way and which way is more idiomatic to the shell, but I’d opt for passing values as arguments to the script and then doing checks on the arguments at the beginning of the script. You can also do these checks after reading something in a variable (such as “Is the string that the user inputted empty?”), but I think that doing these checks after each read is tedious; much better to do them at the beginning of the script. Again, not certain which way is idiomatic to the shell and both exist so both must be fine, but I am unsure.
Hope you learned something useful!
Ward, B. (2014). How Linux Works: What Every Superuser Should Know (2nd ed.). No Starch Press. Page 269